You should be ready to see these in Fener-Balat which are summary of the Istanbul and Constantinople that contains historical houses, churches, schools, mosques, shops and Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
Fener is a neighborhood midway up the Golden Horn within the district ofFatih in Istanbul, Turkey. The streets in the area are full of historic wooden mansions, churches, and synagogues dating from the Byzantine andOttoman eras. The wooden mansions between the main axis and the shore were often used for importing wood from Pontus or the Black Sea area. Their picturesque facades were largely destoyed due to street widening requirements in the 1930s and (email hidden)e area's name is a Turkishtransliteration of the original Greek φανάριον (a lighting lantern, a streetlight, a lightpost with a light lantern - from φανός: a lighting lantern; syn. πυρσός: light-torch, φάρος: beacon, lighthouse) (Classical: phanárion,modern: fanári, "lantern"). It was so called for a column topped with a lantern which stood there in the Byzantine period - used as a public light or marine and/or other purpose locator/beacon.
After the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Fener district became home to many of the Greeks in the city. The Patriarchate of Constantinople moved to the area as well and is still located there. As a result, "Phanar(i)" (the traditional spelling) is often used as shorthand for theEcumenical Patriarchate, just as "Vatican" is used for the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church. During the Ottoman period, the Greek inhabitants of Fener were called "Phanariotes" and were important assistants to the Sultan in various capacities and offices. Wealthy Phanariotes were appointed as governors over provinces in Turkish Europeand Greece, and as hospodars of Wallachia and Moldavia between 1711 and 1821. The Phanar contains the patriarchal cathedral of St. George. Its main entrance is never opened since the hanging in 1821 of the patriarch there at the time of Greek independence.
An important Bulgarian church lies between the patriarchate and the shore of the Golden Horn. There are a number of other barely used Greek Orthodox churches.
In 1941, a great fire destroyed the Patriarchal Palace in Fener; a new palace was erected in 1989 by P. Aggelopoulos
Our apartment has the best terrace in the Fener-Balat that you can see all of the Goldenhorn from here.The apartment is over 150 years old that holds their origin Greek architectural features like this Neighborhood.There are four flats in the aparment and each of flats has almost Kitchen-Bath-Toilet. The Neighborhood has a wide variety of shops shuch as old and modern markets, pharmacies, shops, cafes, pubs, souvenirs. Also, Our house is very close to the main street to go anywhere In istanbul such as You can go to taksim by bus it just takes ten minutes(other locations which are near to our location:Sultan Ahmet, Beyoğlu, Eminönü, Eyüp, Ayasoyfa, Beyazıt, Bosphorus)
Balat is another of the Istanbul quarters in which Jews were settled after their expulsion from Spain, enlarging a community which had lived here since Byzantine times.
Today Balat is a working-class district on the shores of the Golden Horn. Though it once had as many as nineteen synagogues, only two of importance remain, the famous Ahrida, and the neighboring Yanbol. The site of a Jewish school is close by, and Or Ahayim Jewish Hospital is several hundred meters to the northwest, within walking distance. Remember to make arrangements in advance with the Chief Rabbinate to visit these sites.
Also in this district are the cast-iron Bulgarian Orthodox church of St. Stephen of the Bulgars, the Kariye Museum (Chora Church with Byzantine mosaics), the massive city walls, and the ruins of the Byzantinepalace known as Tekfur Saray.
Balat is on the southern shore of the Golden Horn, between the Atatürk and Fatih bridges.
If you plan to visit the Kariye Museum with its 14th-century Byzantine mosaics, and the nearby Tekfur SarayByzantine palace, you may want to visit these places first, then walk one kilometer downhill to the Ahrida and Yanbol synagogues.
Here are walking directions: facing the front door of the Kariye Museum, go to your left around the building onKariye Türbesi Sokak and downhill to Sultan Çesme Caddesi, where you turn left. Follow Sultan Çesme Caddesi downhill; it changes names to become Kürkçü Çesmesi Sokak, and continues to the base of the slope, where it becomes Vodina Caddesi. Just past the intersection with Haci Isa Mektebi Sokak, on the right (south) side of Vodina Caddesi, is the Ahrida Synagogue.
To go directly to the Ahrida and Yanbol synagogues, take a bus or taxi to Balat. The street on the southern shore of the Golden Horn bears several names as it meanders along; in Balat it is named Mürsel Pasa Caddesi. Take a bus or taxi along Mürsel Pasa Caddesi to theKöprübasi bus stop and walk up Çicekli Bostan Sokak, the short, narrow street heading southwest. Cross the first street, Hizir Çavus Köprüsü Sokak, and at the second street, Vodina Caddesi, turn right. Walk four short blocks along Vodina Caddesi to the Ahrida Synagogue, which is on the left-hand side at no. 9, behind the metal door topped by a marble plaque with Hebrew inscription.
WHAT TO SEE IN BALAT
Most famous of Istanbul's old synagogues, the Ahrida Synagogue, also called the Okhrida, is at no. 9 on the street officially named Vodina Caddesi, but often called Kürkçü Çesme Sokak. The Ahrida and nearby Yanbol are said to take their names from the towns in Macedoniafrom which their founding congregations migrated in Byzantine times. The foundations of the Ahrida may date from the late 1400s, or may be even older.
Yanbol Synagogue, Duriye Sokak no. 16, directly opposite Kamis Sokak, is less than a block from the Ahrida. The Yanbol's interior is similar in appearance to the Ahrida before restoration, though the decor here seems more unified. Paintings in the dome are said to portray the Macedonian town of Yanbol, from which members of the original congregation came.
Walk back to the shore road along the Golden Horn, turn left, and walk 500 meters to the Or Ahayim Jewish Hospital (also called the Balat Musevi Hastanesi), Demirhisar Caddesi, built in 1897. A 120-bed hospital attended mostly by Jewish physicians, it's located in the swath of parkland created in the mid-1980s to beautify the Golden Horn's banks.
If you return to Eminönü along the shore of the Golden Horn, you pass the Bulgarian Orthodox Church of St. Stephen of the Bulgars, on the left-hand side of the road, made entirely of cast iron.
M1A Subway Line Yenikapı Metro(Aksaray- Atattürk Airport).Metrobus Line,Ferries